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PHP on CentOS 7 (安装PHP-FPM)

2015年10月26日 Linux 评论 1 条 阅读 2,441 views 次

上一篇介绍了CentOS7安装Nginx,这次再来介绍CentOS7配置PHP环境(即安装PHP-FPM)。

目标:在centos7上安装配置PHP 5.6。

 

第一步、安装php5.6前的环境准备

1、让系统获取更新,到最新的版本。(这不仅更新package,而且获取最新存储库,确保任何package都可以正确安装)

yum update

 

2、安装含有各种版本PHP的仓库

To add his PHP repository, run the following command:

yum install http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm

This pulls in the package and adds the repository to YUM. It is being added disabled, though, so we have to enable that manually. So, open the repository file:

vi /etc/yum.repos.d/remi.repo

然后找到下面2个地方:

[remi]
name=Remi’s RPM repository for Enterprise Linux 7 – $basearch
#baseurl=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/remi/$basearch/
mirrorlist=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/remi/mirror
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi

[remi-php56]
name=Remi’s PHP 5.6 RPM repository for Enterprise Linux 7 – $basearch
#baseurl=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/php56/$basearch/
mirrorlist=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/php56/mirror
# WARNING: If you enable this repository, you must also enable “remi”
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi

 

I’ve cut out the ‘remi-php55’ block as we want PHP 5.6 and not PHP 5.5. Now, in order to enable this repository, you have to change ‘enabled=0’ into ‘enabled=1’. This means that after the change the blocks look like this,修改为:

[remi]
name=Remi’s RPM repository for Enterprise Linux 7 – $basearch
#baseurl=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/remi/$basearch/
mirrorlist=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/remi/mirror
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi

[remi-php56]
name=Remi’s PHP 5.6 RPM repository for Enterprise Linux 7 – $basearch
#baseurl=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/php56/$basearch/
mirrorlist=http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/7/php56/mirror
# WARNING: If you enable this repository, you must also enable “remi”
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi

 

保存修改。

 

二、开始安装

yum install php-fpm

安装完毕后,运行php-fpm:

systemctl start php-fpm

让php-fpm开机自动运行:

systemctl enable php-fpm

 

Now we need to ensure that NGINX knows to send PHP-requests to PHP-FPM. For this to work we need to add a configuration block to the default host. For reasons beyond my understanding this was set up a bit “different” on CentOS, so if you’re looking for logic stop trying. In any case, fire up a new file:

vi /etc/nginx/default.d/php-fpm.conf

 

添加以下代码:

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
location ~ \.php$ {
root           /usr/share/nginx/html;
fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index  index.php;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME   $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include        fastcgi_params;
}

 

This block tells NGINX to pass on any request going to a file ending with .php to 127.0.0.1 port 9000, which is where PHP-FPM runs. NGINX does this using FastCGI. The configuration block includes default configuration we won’t touch for now.

With these contents in the file, save the file, and restart NGINX:

systemctl restart nginx.service

查看nginx启动状态

systemctl status nginx.service -l

 

到此安装完毕,用phpinfo测试:

 vi /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php

 

<?php phpinfo();

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