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PHP——非对称加密

2016年02月21日 php, 网站建设 暂无评论 阅读 1,778 views 次

非对称加密:

公钥加密只有私钥能解,私钥加密只有公钥能解。

 

demo如下:

<?php
/**
 * 使用openssl实现非对称加密
 * 
 * @since 2015-11-10
 */
class Rsa
{
    /**
     * 私钥
     * 
     */
    private $_privKey;

    /**
     * 公钥
     * 
     */
    private $_pubKey;

    /**
     * 保存文件地址
     */
    private $_keyPath;

    /**
     * 指定密钥文件地址
     * 
     */
    public function __construct($path)
    {
        if (empty($path) || !is_dir($path)) {
            throw new Exception('请指定密钥文件地址目录');
        }
        $this->_keyPath = $path;
    }

    /**
     * 创建公钥和私钥
     * 
     */
    public function createKey()
    {
        $config = [
            "config" => 'D:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\conf\openssl.cnf',
            "digest_alg" => "sha512",
            "private_key_bits" => 4096,
            "private_key_type" => OPENSSL_KEYTYPE_RSA,
        ];
        // 生成私钥
        $rsa = openssl_pkey_new($config);
        openssl_pkey_export($rsa, $privKey, NULL, $config);
        file_put_contents($this->_keyPath . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'priv.key', $privKey);
        $this->_privKey = openssl_pkey_get_public($privKey);
        // 生成公钥
        $rsaPri = openssl_pkey_get_details($r);
        $pubKey = $rsaPri['key'];
        file_put_contents($this->_keyPath . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'pub.key', $pubKey);
        $this->_pubKey = openssl_pkey_get_public($pubKey);
    }

    /**
     * 设置私钥
     * 
     */
    public function setupPrivKey()
    {
        if (is_resource($this->_privKey)) {
            return true;
        }
        $file = $this->_keyPath . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'priv.key';
        $privKey = file_get_contents($file);
        $this->_privKey = openssl_pkey_get_private($privKey);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 设置公钥
     * 
     */
    public function setupPubKey()
    {
        if (is_resource($this->_pubKey)) {
            return true;
        }
        $file = $this->_keyPath . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'pub.key';
        $pubKey = file_get_contents($file);
        $this->_pubKey = openssl_pkey_get_public($pubKey);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 用私钥加密
     * 
     */
    public function privEncrypt($data)
    {
        if (!is_string($data)) {
            return null;
        }
        $this->setupPrivKey();
        $result = openssl_private_encrypt($data, $encrypted, $this->_privKey);
        if ($result) {
            return base64_encode($encrypted);
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 私钥解密
     * 
     */
    public function privDecrypt($encrypted)
    {
        if (!is_string($encrypted)) {
            return null;
        }
        $this->setupPrivKey();
        $encrypted = base64_decode($encrypted);
        $result = openssl_private_decrypt($encrypted, $decrypted, $this->_privKey);
        if ($result) {
            return $decrypted;
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 公钥加密
     * 
     */
    public function pubEncrypt($data)
    {
        if (!is_string($data)) {
            return null;
        }
        $this->setupPubKey();
        $result = openssl_public_encrypt($data, $encrypted, $this->_pubKey);
        if ($result) {
            return base64_encode($encrypted);
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 公钥解密
     * 
     */
    public function pubDecrypt($crypted)
    {
        if (!is_string($crypted)) {
            return null;
        }
        $this->setupPubKey();
        $crypted = base64_decode($crypted);
        $result = openssl_public_decrypt($crypted, $decrypted, $this->_pubKey);
        if ($result) {
            return $decrypted;
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * __destruct
     * 
     */
    public function __destruct() {
        @fclose($this->_privKey);
        @fclose($this->_pubKey);
    }
}

?> 

 

测试一下

$rsa = new Rsa('ssl-key');
//私钥加密,公钥解密
echo "待加密数据:segmentfault.com\n";
$pre = $rsa->privEncrypt("segmentfault.com");
echo "加密后的密文:\n" . $pre . "\n";
$pud = $rsa->pubDecrypt($pre);
echo "解密后数据:" . $pud . "\n";

//公钥加密,私钥解密
echo "待加密数据:segmentfault.com\n";
$pue = $rsa->pubEncrypt("segmentfault.com");
echo "加密后的密文:\n" . $pue . "\n";
$prd = $rsa->privDecrypt($pue);
echo "解密后数据:" . $prd;
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